Gingivectomy (Gum Treatment)

What is Gingivectomy?

Gingivectomy involves removal or reshaping of your gum tissue of gingiva by surgery. Initially it was used by dentists to remove diseased gingival tissues and reduce pockets between the teeth and gums that trap food and bacteria. Today, it is one of the most demanding treatments in dentistry to improve aesthetics or cosmetic reasons to modify one’s smile.

Why Do You Need Gingivectomy?

Gummy Smile

Also known as excessive gum display, is when you smile and too much gum tissue shows above the top teeth. It could be a result from the combination of several factors such as the amount of gum tissue, size and shape of the teeth, and the degree of movement of the upper lip.

Periondontal Disease

Gingivectomy can eliminate the periodontal pocket created when built up plaque pushes the gum away from the tooth. It seals the gum to the teeth, to prevent food or bacteria getting trapped in the pocket and causing more infection.

Does It Hurt?

No, both procedures use local anaesthesia to numb the area being operated on. However, you might experience some pressure during the procedure. The dentist will also prescribe over-the-counter pain medication to help ease your pain after the anesthetic wear off.

Types of Gingivectomy

  1. Surgical Gingivectomy is usually completed with a surgical scalpel. The diseased tissue will be trimmed and removed earlier, then the remaining gums will be reattached around the teeth by suture.

  2. Laser Gingivectomy is cheaper and more effective.It allows faster healing as tissue damage is minimized. The heat of the laser cauterizes the wound, thus lowering the risk of bacterial infections.